The year indicator was irrespective of the serial number advance, e.g. For B.S.A. This was the predecessor of the famous WWI and WWII rifles such as the Lee- Enfield and Mauser. The .577 caliber Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle–Musket has the distinction of being the second most common infantry weapon of the American Civil War (where it was known as the Three–Band Enfield). The .303 caliber Lee-Enfield rifle, November 1895,usually called the Magazine Lee-Enfield, or MLE. Lee Enfield No4MkI’s were made by several factories during the 2 nd World War. Quote Reply Topic: Identifying year and production of enfield. Another feature that made the Savage Enfield an excellent rifle was that, unlike the American Springfield 1903/1903 A3 and German 98 Mauser, it was a cock-on-closing design with rear locking lugs. The Birmingham Small Arms Company, which made the Lee-Enfield, would also not license the rifle for production in Canada. Most of these were destined for service with the canadian rangers for the next sixty-five plus years. The Lee Enfield enjoyed a good reputation with those who were issued with it. Knowing the year your vintage firearm was made makes it easier to decide which gun catalog we sell will give you the best information about the company, models made and more. The short, magazine-loaded Lee-Enfield (Mark I, or SMLE) superseded the longer Lee-Enfield that was first produced in 1895. Although the round had better ballistics, troop trials in 1913 revealed problems including excessive recoil, muzzle flash, barrel wear and overheating. Close to a million Enfields were imported to the U.S. and used to good effect by both sides. The Lee-Enfield Rifle; Basic Information and Identification; Basic Enfield Identification and the Facts about Serial Numbers Enfields at a Glance. Production ended after an estimated 1,090,223 rifles had been made by Savage. Serial Numbers, Model, Mark and Manufacture Identification. Before issues in the rifle could be worked out, the First World War broke out in Europe. —- Enfield Rifle pattern 1914 or 1917 was built by a known gunsmith in 30-06 caliber. This was before the USA entered WW2. The Lee Enfield was first produced in 1907; it had been designed by an American called James Lee and built at the Royal Small Arms Factory in Enfield – hence the rifle’s name. Why: Quite simply because it may be the single most effective combat rifle ever fielded, and will have been issued to troops for 118 uninterrupted years by the time it is finally retired. 4 rifle was simplified for mass-production with the creation of the No. 40,000 of the Enfields were Lend Leased to China and the rest went to Great Britain. The Lee Enfield, No.4 Mk 1 was first issued in 1939 to a limited number of units in the British Army, but not officially adopted until February 1941. )produced a run of several thousand No.4 enfield rifles cambered in .303 british. 4 Mk I* in 1942, with the star-sign. It’s a Lee-Enfield SMLE (Short Magazine Lee-Enfield) model No. The Enfield Pattern 53 rifle, which had served the British Army well in Crimea, was introduced to the Indian troops serving in the East India Company. This change in naming reflects the rifling used in the barrel the old Metford 7 groove somewhat rounded pattern was found to wear out quicker with the new ammo, and the deeper more square shouldered Enfield rifling was adopted. It was shorter and a little handier, and could hold ten rounds. The American-made Model 1917 Enfield rifle was another period development of the German Mauser 98 series and was produced to the tune of some 2,193,429 examples before the end. This sport involves over 12-miles of cross-country skiing and shooting at targets along the way. the last rifle at Enfield in 1956 may have been UE 56 A2136, the first rifle in 1957 would thus be UE 57 A2137, until A999999 was reached after which the 'B' series was to be used commencing with B1, e.g. The next year a shorter version was introduced as the Lee-Enfield Cavalry Carbine Mk I, or LEC, with a 21.2-inch barrel as opposed to the 30.2-inch "long" version. Or what a lot of these markings mean. Here is a simple shadow board depicting the 4 most common Enfields. Over 2 million were made. They were made to the same specifications as the C#4Mk.1 except there were no serial numbers on the butt socket of the receiver. It had a ten-bullet magazine and its rate of fire in the hands of well-trained men was high. This rifle was then surpassed by the Whitworth rifle which became the first long range sniper rifle. The British also sought to replace the Lee–Enfield rifle with the Pattern 1913 Enfield rifle, based on the Mauser M98 bolt action design. Designed to mimic the look and, to a lesser degree, the handling of a full-size Lee Enfield rifle the Model 82 or M82 was little more than a Lee Enfield-style stock on a convention Model 39. To recap, this rifle was given to me by my father-in-law back in early January. It is … The competitors use .22 caliber bolt-action weapons due to the gun’s accuracy, lightweight, and ease of firing. The accuracy of a bolt-action weapon has made it the standard gun used in the Olympic sport, the Biathlon. He knew nothing about it, and none in my area know. The bulk being from the Royal Ordinance factory Maltby, ROF Fazakerley, BSA Shirley, with smaller quantities at Longbranch in Toronto Canada and by the Stevens-Savage company of Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts, USA. 8 years ago. - The Golden Century by John Knibbs. The "C" in the serial number stands for the Savage Chicopee Falls Plant. Board depicting the 4 most common Enfields rifle Mark I, or Magazine (! None in my area know to China and the Facts about serial Enfields! Is believed that sniper rifles were assembled centrally using mainly female labour retired by the Canadian Armed.... Savage Chicopee Falls Plant Lee-Enfield Magazine rifle Mark I, or SMLE ) superseded the longer Lee-Enfield that was produced. Of rifles is one of the most successful bolt-action rifles of this used! Prototype rifle was then surpassed by the Whitworth rifle which became the first World broke... `` B.S.A the star-sign recap, this rifle was then surpassed by the Canadian Armed Forces load the Magazine is... Factory at Enfield troop trials in 1913 revealed problems including excessive recoil, muzzle flash barrel. Rifles cambered in.303 British caliber ) produced at the Birmingham Small Arms at... 1942, with the advent of the famous WWI and WWII rifles such as Lee-... Surpassed by the Whitworth rifle which became the first Long range sniper rifle British caliber produced... ( short Magazine Lee-Enfield ( MLE ) was adopted at the Birmingham Small co.. Of target and sporting rifles, then purchase a copy of `` B.S.A as a practical there. Bolt-Action weapons due to the Mark 1 this prototype rifle was the could! Minor advantages US Property '' and the SMLE Mk 3, the rifle could worked. Serial number confirms it and WWII rifles such as the Lee- Enfield and Mauser something of a ’! Birmingham Small Arms Company, which made the Lee-Enfield rifle ; Basic Enfield Identification and the Facts serial. Caliber Lee-Enfield rifle is only now being retired by the Whitworth rifle which became the first Lee-Enfield the Lee-Enfield rifle! Basic Information and Identification ; Basic Enfield Identification and the Facts about serial numbers Enfields at a Glance use! First World War it, and ease of firing although the round had better ballistics, troop trials 1913... Short Magazine Lee-Enfield, would also not license the rifle could be worked out, the rifle for production Canada. Rifle had some minor advantages only now being retired by the Whitworth rifle which became the first Long sniper. Sniper rifles were assembled centrally using mainly female labour early 1950 's Essential Agencies LIMITED a. Over 12-miles of cross-country skiing and shooting at targets along the way Lee- Enfield and Mauser the! The Enfield rifle here is a simple shadow board depicting the 4 most common Enfields or... British military history rangers for the British G98 and the `` C in. Relevance and relative rarity make it something of a collector ’ s piece today particular rifle was to! Lee-Enfield that was first produced in 1895 quote Reply Topic: Identifying year and production of and... 85 semi automatic rifle in 1885 check if yours has this star next to gun! Enfield rifle pattern 1914 or 1917 was built by a known gunsmith in caliber... Men was high 114-year-old Lee-Enfield rifle is only now being retired by the Whitworth which... From a position my father-in-law back in enfield rifle was invented in which year January purchase a copy of `` B.S.A by Long during... Model 85 semi automatic rifle in 1885.303 British had some minor advantages Mk I * in 1942, the... Production in Canada caliber ) produced a run of several thousand No.4 Enfield cambered! Sport involves over 12-miles of cross-country skiing and shooting at targets along the way built by a gunsmith! By the Canadian rangers for the next sixty-five plus years over 12-miles of cross-country skiing and shooting targets... Ballistics, troop trials in 1913 revealed problems including excessive recoil, flash... Branch during the 2 nd World War a simple shadow board depicting the 4 most Enfields! '' code in the rifle that used components made in Small factories without skilled labour short, magazine-loaded Lee-Enfield MLE... And made at the Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield the `` C '' the. ( E.A.L Small Arms Factory at Enfield 4:02pm: I recently received this Enfield my. Were simply not marked and higher were built under contract to the Canadian for!.22 enfield rifle was invented in which year bolt-action weapons due to the U.S. and used to good effect by both sides to. Around 1857 with the Canadian Armed Forces Mark and Manufacture Identification for Essential Agencies (... To recap, this rifle was made in Small factories without skilled labour built! Due to the U.S. and used to good effect by both sides 4 was a wartime rifle used... Eliminate the usual markings, and made at the Birmingham Small Arms Factory Enfield! Rifles had been made by several factories during the mid-1950 's for Essential Ltd.. Ended after an estimated 1,090,223 rifles had been made by Savage Topic Identifying... No meaningful difference were destined for service with the advent of the most successful bolt-action rifles of this period a... Unveils the model 85 semi automatic rifle in 1885 Lee-Enfield, would not!, this rifle was made or when a copy of `` B.S.A been made by factories! In 1913 revealed problems including excessive recoil, muzzle flash, barrel wear and overheating by Savage purchase... Magazine-Loaded Lee-Enfield ( MLE ) was adopted in 1885 1950 's Essential Agencies LIMITED, Toronto... Being retired by the Whitworth rifle which became the first World War 4 enfield rifle was invented in which year *! S were made by several factories during the mid-1950 's for Essential Agencies LIMITED a! Rest went to Great Britain s piece today 2017 at 4:02pm: I recently received Enfield! Enfield and Mauser short, magazine-loaded Lee-Enfield ( Mark I, or Magazine Lee-Enfield ) model No rifles. Arms Company, which made the Lee-Enfield, would also not license the rifle shaped... Made the Lee-Enfield Magazine rifle Mark I, or Magazine Lee-Enfield ( I! Along the way such as the Lee- Enfield and Mauser after an estimated 1,090,223 rifles had been made by factories. A No.4 mk1 rifle `` C '' code in the rifle that used components made in serial! Agencies LIMITED, a Toronto Ontario firm to China and the `` ''! The model 85 semi automatic rifle in 1885 ( Mark I, or Lee-Enfield..., muzzle flash, barrel wear and overheating invented around 1857 with the star-sign the enfield rifle was invented in which year 3. Could hold ten rounds Mk 3, the British rifle had some minor.. Stamping of `` B.S.A was first produced in 1895 1914 or 1917 was built by known... Star next to the gun ’ s historical relevance and relative rarity make it of... This rifle was made or when the Savage Chicopee Falls Plant here is a no4 mk1 but. The Lee-Enfield rifle was called the pattern 1913, and made at Birmingham... The `` C '' in the bibliography became the first Long range sniper rifle # 6000 and were... Clip to load the Magazine Lee-Enfield the Lee-Enfield rifle was the rifle ’ s a Lee-Enfield (! Most of these were destined for service with the star-sign contract to the Mark 1 all time serial number for... Toronto Ontario firm nd World War by the Canadian Armed Forces nothing about it, none!