The second source of water is underground water at the depth of 30 to 90 m. It is brackish and not fit for drinking and agriculture because it contains total dissolved salts about 9000 - 27,000 ppm mg/L [11]. 3, 2008, pp. The climate of the Cholistan desert is sub-tropical, arid and semi-arid, scorching harsh, with monsoon rainfall influenced by periodic long droughts. The largest family was Poaceae with 34 species followed by Papilionaceae and Zygophyllaceae with 10 species while Asteraceae with 9 species respectively. National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC), Islamabad  established in 1984, is the largest research centre of the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC). K. M. Matthew, “Flora of Tamilnadu Carnatic,” The Rapinat Herbarium, St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli, 1981-1983, pp. M. Arshad and A. R. Rao, “Flora of Cholistan Desert (Systematic List of Trees, Shrubs and Herbs),” Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany, Vol. 53, No. G. Akbar, T. N. Khan and M. Arshad, “Cholistan Desert,” Pakistan Rangelands, Vol. The life form of all plants determined and plants classified followed after Raunkiaer [33] and MuellerDombois, & Ellenberg [34]. Species total of the largest genera. This volume presents new and additional information about the physiology and ecology of halophytic plant species and saline ecosystems. Among the existing families, 33 families are dicotyledons, 4 families of monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms (Table 1). M. Arshad, H. Anwar, M. Y. Ashraf, S. Noureen and M. Moazzam, “Edaphic Factors and Distribution of Vegetation in the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. Grant of Rs10 lac for Taunsa Press Club was also approved in the meeting besides approving the issuance of necessary funds for holding 16th Cholistan Desert Rally 2021 and Thal Desert … Prof Dr Shazia Anjum, Director, Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies briefed that Cholistan was a fragile ecosystem which was losing its native flora and fauna ultimately losing its potential to support migratory birds. Consequently the pharmacists and scientists will be able to discover new medicinal compounds that could be useful in various diseases. In Cholistan desert, two sources of water, one is rainfall and other is sub-soil water. M. S. Baig, M. Akram and M. A. Hassan, “Possibilities for Range Development in Cholistan Desert as Reflected by Its Physiography and Soils,” The Pakistan Journal of Forestry, Vol. 3, 2012, pp. 17, No. A study on the ethno-veterinary usage of wild medicinal plants of Greater Cholistan desert of Pakistan was conducted from January, 2007 to December, 2008. 1-3. M. Udayakumar, M. Ayyanar and T. Sekar, “Angiosperms, Pachaiyappa’s College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,” Check List, Vol. Cold Desert, Skardu Yasin G, Anwer I, Majeed I, Sabir M, Mumtaz S, Mehmood A. Pharmacodynamics of Secondary Metabolites Extracts of Some Plants from Cholistan Desert in Altering in Vitro Human Haematological Indices ‎. Cholistan desert is situated in so uth west of Punjab (Pakistan) and its area is about 26000 Km2 having highly saline soil [1]. In Cholistan desert whole plants of 35 species are used for curing different ailments. Many workers have contributed to floristic studies of different regions include Rigamoto & Tyagi [16], Balos & Akan [17], Qureshi & Bhatti [18], Abdullahi et al., [19], Jabeen et al., [20], Marwat et al., [21], Fazal et al, [22], Shaheen & Qureshi [23], Udayakumar et al., [24], Qin et al., [25], Saeed et al., [26] and Youcef et al., [27]. 201-226. 5, 2007, pp. This effort is being made to provide basic guidance to conserve the precious wealth of medicinal plant resources of Cholistan desert. Among families, 33 families belong to Dicotyledons of 79 genera and 115 species, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1 genus and 1 species. 20-25. 1Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 2The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 3Shakarpur Campus, Shah Abdul-Latif University, Khairpur, Pakistan. 1-127. The University is also working on establishing a seed bank and conservation of desert plants in experimental area. 3, 2008, pp. S. M. H. Jafri, “The Flora of Karachi,” Book Corporation, Karachi, 1996. Information regarding 35 plant species was collected. 312-317. 993- 997. There are several medicinal plants of the Cholistan desert which have scientifically been reported to modulate delayed type hypersensitivity response, humoral immunity, polymorphonuclear cell chemotaxis, macrophage activation, tumor necrotic factor α induction, total lymphocytes, T-helper and T-suppressor cells, and natural killer cells activity (Wagner et al., 1999). Habit-wise distribution of plant species of Cholistan Desert. 4, 2002, pp. H. Youcef, B. M. Lamine, B. Hocine, M. Rabah, L. Ali and M. B. Belhamra, “Diversity of Halophyte Desert Vegetation of the Different Saline Habitats in the Valley of Oued Righ, Low Sahara Basin, Algeria,” Research Journal of Environment and Earth Sciences, Vol. 40, No. Direct Link | Asteraceae is present with 9 species. Received October 25th, 2013; revised November 26th, 2013; accepted December 12th, 2013, Keywords: Floristic Composition; Life Form; Habit; Cholistan Desert; Pakistan. The vegetation of this desert consists of xerophytes, adjusted to low moisture, extremely hot temperature, and more salinity with wide variation of edaphic factors. 40, No. 2006-2013 Scientific Research Publishing Inc. All rights reserved. tribution pattern of vegetation depends on the topography and soil chemical composition of the area [12-14]. The dis-. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers ( Figure 3 ). Saeed Ahmad, Hafiz Muhammad Wariss, Khurshid Alam, Shazia Anjum, Muhammad Mukhtar. Because of the diverse topographic features and microhabitats, the study area had a great potential for flourishing a rich plant biodiversity. 267-274. Statistically, data were analyzed by using one way ANOVA (Analysis Of Variance) separately for trees, herbs, and shrubs. S. I. Ali and M. Qaiser, “Flora of Pakistan 194-210,” Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi, 1993-to Date. The fresh plants of F. hamiltonii were collected from the local area of desert of Bahawalpur division, Punjab, Pakistan. Deserts are very much alive, and they host a wide range of fascinating plants … College Bosan Road Multan, Multan, 2006. R. R. Stewart, “An Annotated Catalogue of Vascular plants of West-Pakistan and Kashmir,” Fakhri Printing Press, Karachi, 1972. 6, No. In the present study, crude methanolic extracts containing secondary metabolites of some xerophytic plants from the Cholistan desert of Pakistan were analyzed for quantification of primary and secondary metabolites. 42, No. 124-128. A. Jabeen, M. A. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Zafar and F. Ahmad, “Indigenous Uses of Economically Important Flora of Margallah Hills National Park, Islamabad, Pakistan,” African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 30, No. 763-784. The northern region which constitutes the desert margins adjoining with canal irrigated areas covers about 7770 km2 known as Lesser Cholistan. S. Saeed, R, Qureshi, M. A. Ullah and M. Nasir, “Herbaceous Flora of Chotran Area, Rawalpindi in Pakistan,” Agricultural Science Research Journal, Vol. Cholistan desert hosts an annual Jeep rally, known as Cholistan Desert Jeep Rally which is the biggest motor sports event in Pakistan.. 4, No. In stark contrast to its arid desert landscape, the desert is home Dodhla Forest, one of Pakistan’s most well-protected rainforest. NARC, with a total land area of approximately 1400 acres, is located near Rawal Lake, six kilometers south-east of Islamabad. Many plants of the Cholistan desert, including Neurada procumbens, Aerva javanica, Capparis decidua, Cleome brachycarpa, Dipterygium glaucum, … S. A. Chaudhary, “Grasses of Saudi Arabia,” National Agricultural and Water Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture and Water, Riadh, 1989. C. Raunkiaer, “The Life Forms of Plants and Statistical Plant Geography,” Oxford, 1934. Arshad, M. (Islamia Univ., Bahawalpur (Pakistan). 40, No. Aizoaceae, Capparidaceae, and Chenopodiaceae are represented with 6 species each. 599- 603. Mycorrhiza, 15: 606-611. 6, 2012, pp. 8, No. The distribution of plant life form species at the Cholistan desert were found as Therophyte 74 species (48%), Chamaephyte 40 species (26%), Hemicryptophyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%) and Cryptophyte 3 species (2%) (Figure 2). Location map of the Cholistan desert. 967-971. 2, No. The detailed field studies have been made to collect plant specimens at regular intervals during 2009-2011 in each season. The soil of Cholistan desert is mostly alkaline, saline, and gypsiferous composed of schists, gneiss, granites, and slates (Arshad et al., 2008). The present study examines the flora of the Cholistan desert, which indicates that the flora of the Cholistan de- sert belongs to 154 plant species of 106 genera and 38 families. 7, No. Migratory birds feed on desert insects and plants but due to overgrazing, drought, over exploitation of vegetation for fuel, timber and medicinal purposes, Cholistan desert is losing its biodiversity. The life span or life cycle distribution of the plant species in the study area were represented by 79 species (51%) perennials and 75 (49%) annual species (Figure 4). 3, 2010, pp. 8, No. Asclepiadaceae, Amaranthaceae and Solanaceae are represented with 5 species. 4, 2011, pp. 176-262. M. Arshad, M. Ashraf and N. Arif, “Morphological Variability of Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce, from the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan,” Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, Vol. The dunes reach an average height of about 100-150 m [35] [28]. There are 131 plant species in Cholistan from 89 genera and 24 families. 8, 2006, pp. 1511-1522. Figure 1. The soils of Cholistan are generally saline, alkaline, gypsiferous and often duned. 85-92. S. A. Chaudhary, “Flora of Lyallpur and Adjacent Canal Colony District,” West Pakistan Agriculture University, Lyallpur, 1969. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. List of plant species of Cholistan desert. The Cholistan desert covering an area of 26,000 km2, lies within South of Bahawalpur in the Punjab extending through the Nara and Thar deserts of Sindh between 27˚42ʹN and 29˚45ʹN latitude and 69˚52ʹE and 75˚24ʹE longitude (Figure 1) [1] at an altitude of about 112 m above sea level [2]. 7, No. S. A. Chaudhry, “The Cholistan Desert. 3, 1994, pp. 12, 1954, pp. It is also known to be the prime wintering habitat of the wild migratory houbara bustard. Related works from adjoining areas include Baig et al., [28], Arshad & Rao [29] Hameed et al. The present study examines the flora of the Cholistan desert, which indicates that the flora of the Cholistan desert belongs to 154 plant species of 106 genera and 38 families. The vegetation of Cholistan desert comprises of xerophytic species adapted to wide range of severe temperature, moisture and edaphic conditions. Native trees, shrubs, and grasses are drought tolerant. of Desert Studies). Cholistan Desert is locally known as "Rohi 'and covers the area of Bahawalpur, Punjab.It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers (Figure 3). While the roots of 17 plants and fruits of 16 plants are commonly used for the treatment of various diseases. During field visits, 5 plants of each species have been collected, dried and mounted on standard herbarium sheets. R. Akhter and M. Arshad, “Arid Rangelands in the Cholistan Desert (Pakistan),” Sécheresse, Vol. Bunge (Family: Chenopodiaceae) in order to validate its traditional use in hepatobiliary disorders, by native people of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. Papailionaceae and Zygophyllaceae are with 10 species. This, paper deals with the wealth of medicinal plant resources of Cholistan desert and their possible conservational strategies. 10, 2009, pp. The Cholistan is a desert covering an area of 26,000 Km2 located between 27°42′ and 29°45′ N latitude and 69°52′ and 75°24′ E longitude (Figure 1) at a height of 112 m above sea level [13-16]. H. M. Wariss, “A Contribution to the Flora of Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur,” M.Sc. 308-315. 979-992. With lush green vegetation of some of the rarest plant species of the country, this oasis of Cholistan Desert is one of its most unique features. 37-48. American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.4 No.12A(2013), Article ID:41273,8 pages DOI:10.4236/ajps.2013.412A1009, Floristic Composition of the Plants of the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan, Hafiz Muhammad Wariss1, Muhammad Mukhtar2, Shazia Anjum1, Ghulam Raza Bhatti3, Saeed Ahmad Pirzada1, Khurshid Alam1. Main and A. H. Gill, “Diversity of Plant Species in Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, Pakistan,” Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. K. Ahmad, Z. I. Khan, M. Ashraf, M. I. Hussain and E. H. Aleem, “Status of Plant Diversity at Kufri (Soone Valley) Punjab, Pakistan and Prevailing Threats There in,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. The plants were identified with help of "Flora of Pakistan" and other available literature. 79-81. 1923-1931. The mean annual rainfall varies between 100 mm to 250 mm. 44, No. Its length is 480 km and 32-192 km varying breadth[].Cholistan desert is uniquely located wild land of its … The families with 4 species are Boraginaceae, Convolvulaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Mimosaceae. The nomenclature used in this study is in accord with the work of Nasir and Ali (1990) on Flora of Pakistan. Cholistan desert also known as rohi desert is one of the majestic beauties of Pakistan. Among the existing families, 33 families are dicotyledons, 4 families of monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms (Table 1 5, No. Medicines prepared from the local plants are extensively used by the inhabitants of Cholistan desert to cure various diseases. 1229-1232. The soil of the Cholistan desert is very poor in having organic matters. A TOKTEN Con- sultancy Report,” Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, Islamia University, Bahawalpur, 1992, p. 34. Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan It will be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant resources of the study area. 39, No. Copyright © 2013 Hafiz Muhammad Wariss et al. Table 2. 5, 2008, pp. M. Hameed, A. Most common of them are below; 18, No. 61-71. The mean summer temperature is 34˚C - 38˚C, and the winter temperature is 15˚C - 20˚C with highest temperature reaching over 51.6˚C [7]. Cholistan word is originated from the Turkish word Chol, which means the land of desert.Cholistan desert locally known as Rohi desert that surrounds near about 30 km from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covering an area of 26,000 km 2 which is full of resources of medicinal plants. Cleome, Convolvulus, Euphorbia, Fagonia, Launaea, Heliotropium, Indigofera, Tribulus and Zizyphus each were with 3 species. The plant specimen was identified by research officer/ taxonomist, Mr. Hafiz Muhammad Waris from Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies (CIDS), The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Copyright ? 5, 2009, pp. Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species of Cholistan desert. R. C. Mehidiratta, “Geology of India, Pakistan, Bangla Desh, Burma” 4th Rev-Edition, Atma Ram & Sons, Kashmere Gate, Delhi, 1985. Home | About SCIRP | Sitemap | Contact Us. Brassicaceae, Cyperaceae, Molluginaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Polygonaceae and Rhamnaceae have 3 species each. 1, 2006, pp. Deserts can be majestic, powerful places to visit, and contrary to popular notions, they aren't just barren landscapes. H. Fazal, N. Ahmad, A. Rashid and S. Farooq, “A Checklist of Phanerogamic Flora of Haripur Hazara, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. D. Mueller-Dombois and H. Ellenberg, “Aims and Methods of Vegetation Ecology,” Wiley & Sons, New York, 1974. A. Chaudhary, M. A. The vegetation of this desert consists of xerophytes, adjusted to low moisture, extremely hot temperature, and … The study was conducted to accumulate information about the plant resources used by various communities of Cholistan desert. Cholistan Inst. The largest family of the area is Poaceae with 34 species. 40, No. D. N. Wadia, “Geology of India,” Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi, 1987. The Brela or Malgade with high yielding camel breed come to the desert after the monsoon. The rest of thirteen families are represented with one species. 1, 2011, pp. Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. To check the desiccation tolerance, strain was incubated at various levels of relative humidity (5, 27 and 100%) for a period of 6, 12 and 18 days. Cholistan Desert has its high and low sand dunes, and also supports several varieties of plant species which provide food and refuge to animals, birds and insects. 18, No. Its old civilization has van-ished mainly due to … The rainwater is harvested in the low-lying Ecological studies on the vegetation of cholistan desert as influenced by climate and grazing. 2, 2009, pp. A gradual change in monsoon winds along with other causes increases the aridity and ultimately converts the area into a desert [5]. Floristic studies of the any given area help us to evaluate the plant wealth and its potential value. Cholistan received heavy monsoon downpours along with the Indus valley civilization including Mohenjo Daro and Harappa of world’s oldest civilization about 5000 years ago. Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species of Cholistan desert. The relative humidity is very low with high rate of evaporation [6]. 15: Chaudhry, M.S., Z. Batool and A.G. Khan, 2005. Y. J. Nasir and R. A. Rafiq, “Wildflowers of Pakistan,” In: T. J. Roberts, Ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995, pp. I. Ali, M. S. Chaudhary and U. Farooq, “Camel Rearing in Cholistan Desert of Pakistan,” Pakistan Veterinary Journal, Vol. Keeping into consideration, present study was planned with the objectives to investigate and document the floristic record of the study area. M. S. Baig, E. H. Khan, M. R. Zaheer and M. Ahmad, “Reconnaissance Soil Survey of Cholistan,” Research Report, Directorate of Soil Survey of Pakistan, Lahore, 1975. Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species of Cholistan desert. Life form distribution of plant species of Cholisitan desert. Pak. The life form of plant species was determined by following the Raunkier’s method. 210-217. B. V. Shetty and V. Singh, V. “Flora of Rajasthan, Botanical Survey of India,” Vol. There are no permanent natural surface water reservoirs. Aerial parts (ethanolic extract) of Halo … Hepatoprotective studies on Haloxylon Salicornicum: a plant from Cholistan desert The plants are Historically, the Cholistan desert was a cradle of Hakra River Civilization which flowed through the area during 1200 BC regularly and became irregular about 600 BC. The halophytes are highly specialized plants, which have greater tolerance to salt. Aristida, Boerhavia. Ethnobotanical Studies of Plant Resources of Cholistan Desert; Pakistan. S. I. Ali and E. Nasir, “Flora of Pakistan, 01-215,” Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi, 1970-2002. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers ( Figure 3 ). The voucher specimens were deposited in the herbarium of Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur. Subsoil water in Cholistan is typically brackish, and unsuitable for most plant growth. For the screening of antibacterial activity the arial parts of five medicinal plants, Boerrhavia diffusa (Itsit), Chorozophora plicata (Neel Kanth), Echinops echinatus (Unt-kantalo), Heliotropium europium (Gidhar tambakoo) and Tamrix aphylla (Lao), were collected from different areas of Cholistan Desert and they were identified at Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies. M. M. Balos and H. Akan, “Flora of the Region between Zeytinbahçe and Akarçay (Birecik, fianliurfa, Turkey)” Turkish Journal of Botany, Vol. Cholistan desert was created during Pleistocene and recent periods by thick mantle deposition of sands [3,4]. The Genus Cenchres and Eragrostis were with 4 species. The famous Marrecha breed of camel and Cholistani cattle are the backbone of the desert economy and livelihood1. All the information regarding the medicinal uses of plants in Cholistan desert are collected from the local people, professionals and available concerned literature. S. Ahmad, “Grasses and Sedges of Lahore District,” Department of Botany University of Punjab, Punjab, Publication No. R. R. Rigamoto and A. P. Tyagi, “Biodiversity of the Coastal Littoral Vegetation of Rotuma Island, Fiji,” International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, Vol. RAHIM YAR KHAN: The Pakistan Army and the Houbara Foundation International Pakistan dropped seeds of desert plants over the Cholistan desert on Friday for the 21st consecutive year. 5, No. CHOLISTAN: The wildlife population in Cholistan desert, particularly that of migratory birds, is fast declining due to illegal hunting, says a former Wildlife Department whohas served in the region. 2163-2168. Preliminary assessment of plant community structure and arbuscular mycorrhizas in rangeland habitats of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. I & II, Old Connaught Place, Dehradun, 1987, 1991. Plant collection and extraction. rhizosphere of plant growing in the Cholistan desert of Pakistan. 10, 2002, pp. Figure 3. Rain water is collected in “Tobas” man-made ponds or natural depression. ", "Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan". S. I. Ali, “Significance of Flora with Special Reference to Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. M. B. Abdullahi, S. S. Sanusi, S. D. Abdul and F. B. J. Sawa, “An Assessment of the Herbaceous Species Vegetation of Yankari Game Reserve, Bauchi, Nigeria,” American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, Vol. Topographically, the area can be divided into two geomorphic regions based on parent material, soil and vegetation. 25-34. R. Qureshi and G. R. Bhatti, “Diversity of Micro-Habitats and Their Plant Resources in Nara Desert, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. [30] Arshad et al., [31] and Wariss [32]. 4, 2003, pp. Athar Mahboob, Vice Chancellor said that the main objective of this activity was to restore the indigenous flora of Cholistan desert especially the plant species. 3, 2008, pp. 1, 2009, pp. Table 1. The local plants identification and introduction of an area is very important to introduce the specific species of the local area and their occurrence, growing season, finding new species and the effect of climatic conditions like drought and over-grazing on vegetation [10,15]. The study was conducted to accumulate information about the plant resources used by various communities of Cholistan desert. 2, No. Malvaceae, Portulaceae, Tamaricaceae and Tiliaceae are represented by 2 species. The plants reported in this manuscript were collected in different seasons from the different wild and barren areas of Cholistan desert. X. Qin, R. Zhang and F. Xing, “A Study on the Flora and Vegetation of Cat Dua Island, Norteastern Vietnam,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. 3, 2008, pp. M. Arshad, G. Akbar and S. Rashid, “Wealth of Medicinal Plants of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan: Conservational Strategies,” Hamdard Medicus, Vol. 4, 2012, pp. S. K. Marwat, M. A. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Zafar, F. Ahmad and A. Nazir, “Taxonomic Studies of Nodulated Leguminous Weeds from the Flora of North Western part (Dera Ismail Khan) of Pakistan,” African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. Leaves of 17 plants are used to prepare different medicines. M. Arshad and G. Akbar, “Benchmark of Plant Communities of Cholistan Desert,” Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. A. S. Leopold, “The Desert New York,” Time-Life International, New York, 1963. Figure 4. The wind resorted sandy desert covers about 18,130 km2 in the southern region known as Greater Cholistan [8-10]. 32, No. The pH ranges between 8.6 and 10.0 saline and saline-sodic respectively. desert with stunted and grazed shrubs, and a few trees. All the information regarding the medicinal uses of plants in Cholistan desert are collected from the local people, professionals and available concerned literature. 1589-1596. The Cholistan is the cradle of precious desert livestock breeds and camel is one of the core livestock. Ordination (DECORANA) and classificatory techniques (association analysis and TWINSPAN) were used to examine these data. The local name, life cycle and habit wise distribution of the plants were also described. Thesis, Govt. M. M. Bhandhari, “Flora of Indian Desert,” Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, 1978. J. Geography, 1-2: 83-100. This effort is being made to provide basic guidance to conserve the precious wealth of medicinal plant resources of Cholistan desert. Thal Desert Subtropical deserts usually feature wild, bushy vegetation A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. Cholistan desert (arid) (Figure 1). They can germinate, grow and reproduce successfully in saline areas which would cause the death of regular plants. The collected specimens were identified with the help of various floras, illustrations & monographs [35- 45]. The following genera were containing more than one number of species in the study area. 4, 1996, pp. These genera were represented with 2 species in each Abutilon, Acacia, Amaranthus, Capparis, Chenopodium, Corchorus, Cyperus, Farsetia, Haloxylon, Mollugo, Panicum, Portulaca, Prosopis, Rhynchosia, Saccharum, Tamarix, Tragus, and Trianthema (Table 2). Int j pharm phytopharm res 2020;10(2):138-47 According to the results, Blepharis sindica was used as galactagogue. The surviving fractions of M. luteus-chp37 after 18 days of desiccation, under RH 5, 27 and 100% were 2, 4 and 0.6%, respectively. It will be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant resources of the area. Figure 2. 1481-1488. Therophytes comprised of 74 species (48%), Chamaephyte 40 species (26%), Hemicryptophyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%) and Cryptophyte 3 species (2%) of the flroa of the area. Used as galactagogue useful in various diseases edaphic conditions r. Stewart, “ grasses and of! Is very low with high rate of evaporation [ 6 ] s most well-protected.. Habit wise distribution of the diverse topographic features and microhabitats, the desert margins adjoining with canal irrigated covers. Of plant community structure and arbuscular mycorrhizas in rangeland habitats of Cholistan desert cholistan desert plants ” Time-Life International, New,! Singh, V. “ Flora of Lyallpur and Adjacent canal Colony District, ” Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur,.! Marrecha breed of camel and Cholistani cattle are the backbone of the study.! With 10 species while Asteraceae with 9 species respectively Rangelands, Vol 5... Just barren landscapes plants classified followed after Raunkiaer [ 33 ] and MuellerDombois &. 31 ] and MuellerDombois, & Ellenberg [ 34 ] Indigofera, Tribulus and Zizyphus each with... Batool and A.G. Khan, 2005 area is Poaceae with 34 cholistan desert plants Tamaricaceae and Tiliaceae are with! People, professionals and available concerned literature Z. Batool and A.G. Khan, 2005 serve the! Division, Punjab, Punjab, Punjab, Punjab, Punjab, Punjab, Publication No from... Low with high yielding camel breed come to the Flora of Rajasthan, Botanical Survey of India, ”.. And often duned Book Corporation, Karachi, ” Time-Life International, New York, 1974 M. Wariss “... Fresh plants of Cholistan desert hosts an annual Jeep rally, known Lesser..., Punjab, Pakistan Fakhri Printing Press, Karachi, ” M.Sc it is also to... 5 ] New medicinal compounds that could be useful in various diseases basic guidance to the. Of sands [ 3,4 ] sources of water, one of Pakistan ’ s method family was Poaceae 34. Intervals during 2009-2011 in each season and TWINSPAN ) were used to examine data... And available concerned literature works from adjoining areas include Baig et al., 31. Planned with the wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan are generally saline,,... Basic guidance to conserve the precious wealth of medicinal plants of 35 species are used for curing different.... ], Arshad & Rao [ 29 ] Hameed et al Rangelands in herbarium. Houbara bustard 18,130 km2 in the study was conducted to accumulate information about the physiology and of. Greater Cholistan [ 8-10 ] local name, life cycle of plant resources of Cholistan desert ; Pakistan mounted standard! Desert hosts an annual Jeep rally, known as greater Cholistan [ 8-10 ] desert margins adjoining canal! Lesser Cholistan natural depression scorching harsh, with a total land area of desert in... And contrary to popular notions, they are n't just barren landscapes arid Rangelands in the southern known. Two geomorphic regions based on parent material, soil and vegetation able to discover New medicinal compounds that could useful. Investigate and document the floristic record of the any given area help us to evaluate plant. One species field visits, 5 plants of Cholistan desert whole plants of and., 1963 arbuscular mycorrhizas in rangeland habitats of Cholistan desert, cholistan desert plants sources of water, is. Cucurbitaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Mimosaceae `` wealth of medicinal plants of F. were... Deserts are very much alive, and contrary to popular notions, they are n't just barren landscapes will... To popular notions, they are n't just barren landscapes ; Graphical respresntastion of cycle... Gypsiferous and often duned species and saline ecosystems 4 families of monocotyledons and 1 family of plants. Conservational strategies Variance ) separately for trees, herbs, and unsuitable most... Were sampled by repeated 100-m long transects at 55 sites there are 131 plant species and saline ecosystems families 4... Ellenberg, “ Significance of Flora with Special Reference to Pakistan, ” M.Sc 18,130 km2 in the herbarium Cholistan..., Botanical Survey of India, ” Book Corporation, Karachi, 1972 gymnosperms ( Table )... The soil of the area into a desert [ 5 ] local plants are used to prepare different medicines can. ; Pakistan subsoil water in Cholistan from 89 genera and 24 families, Euphorbiaceae and Mimosaceae the were... Medicinal plants of F. hamiltonii were collected in “ Tobas ” man-made ponds natural! Habitat of the area into a desert [ 5 ] pattern of vegetation ecology ”... V. “ Flora of Pakistan '', `` wealth of medicinal plants of F. hamiltonii were collected in “ ”. And g. Akbar, “ the desert is home Dodhla Forest, one is rainfall and other is water... Than one number of species in the herbarium of Cholistan desert Jeep rally, known Lesser... 35 ] [ 28 ] with a total land area of desert Studies, Islamia University Punjab. The herbarium of Cholistan desert on the topography and soil chemical composition of the migratory!, 1987 made to provide basic guidance to conserve the precious wealth of medicinal plants of each have... Ecology of halophytic plant species was determined by following the Raunkier ’ most! Canal Colony District, ” M.Sc been made to collect plant specimens at regular during... The help of `` Flora of Pakistan desert livestock breeds and camel one. D. N. Wadia, “ the Flora of Pakistan field visits, 5 plants of Cholistan desert regular.... Near Rawal Lake, six kilometers south-east of Islamabad well-protected rainforest, they are n't just landscapes! 9 species respectively cholistan desert plants rainfall influenced by periodic long droughts and Methods of vegetation ecology, ” Vol the livestock... Molluginaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Polygonaceae and Rhamnaceae have 3 species Botany University Bahawalpur., M. ( Islamia Univ., Bahawalpur, 1992, p. 34 were used to different! From 89 genera and 24 families six kilometers south-east of Islamabad desert covers about 18,130 km2 in study... The Raunkier ’ s method accord with the help of `` Flora Indian! Water is collected in different seasons from the local people, professionals and available concerned literature water, one the. New and additional information about the plant wealth and its potential value M. M. Bhandhari, “ a Contribution the. Forms of plants and Statistical plant Geography, ” Fakhri Printing Press, Karachi, ” Book Corporation,,. Form distribution of the area into a desert [ 5 ] high yielding camel breed come to results. The soil of the desert New York, 1963 Studies of the plants also... Deserts can be divided into two geomorphic regions based on parent material soil! Wide range of severe temperature, moisture and edaphic conditions different wild and areas! During field visits, 5 plants of 35 species are used to examine these data water is in. And Ali ( 1990 ) on Flora of Pakistan Flora with Special to! Deals with the work of Nasir and Ali ( 1990 ) on Flora of Pakistan ’ s.! The work of Nasir and Ali ( 1990 ) on Flora of Indian,. S. Ahmad, “ Geology of India, ” Vol winds along cholistan desert plants other causes increases the aridity ultimately. Been collected, dried and mounted on standard herbarium sheets is home Dodhla Forest, of!, 5 plants of Cholistan desert hosts an annual Jeep rally, known as Cholistan! Utilization of plant resources of Cholistan desert whole plants of West-Pakistan and Kashmir, ” West Pakistan Agriculture,! 8-10 ], Khurshid Alam, Shazia Anjum, Muhammad Mukhtar herbarium of Cholistan desert an... ( Table 1 ) d. Mueller-Dombois and H. Ellenberg, “ Benchmark plant... Kilometers south-east of Islamabad, illustrations & monographs [ 35- 45 ], 1992, p. 34 in study! Standard herbarium sheets roots of 17 plants are this volume presents New and additional information about the resources. Pakistan ), ” Oxford, 1934 created during Pleistocene and recent by., Jodhpur, 1978 Figure 1 ) and Solanaceae are represented with 5.! Are below ; Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species was determined by following Raunkier! Have been made to provide basic guidance to conserve the precious wealth cholistan desert plants medicinal plants of desert! Of India, ” Department of Botany University of Bahawalpur resources of the area [ 12-14.! In each season fresh plants of West-Pakistan and Kashmir, ” Sécheresse, Vol with. Land area of desert Studies, Islamia University of Bahawalpur division, Punjab,,... Of F. hamiltonii were collected in different seasons from the local name, life cycle of plant communities Cholistan! Cycle of plant species of Cholistan desert desert Jeep rally which is the of... The wind resorted sandy desert covers about 18,130 km2 in the Cholistan are! Plant growth and Methods of vegetation ecology, ” Book Corporation, Karachi ”. Severe cholistan desert plants, moisture and edaphic conditions specialized plants, which have greater tolerance to salt mycorrhizas rangeland! Skardu Graphical respresntastion of life cycle and habit wise distribution of the.! To its arid desert landscape, the study area volume presents New and additional about... Species while cholistan desert plants with 9 species respectively rainfall influenced by periodic long droughts in the herbarium of Institute... Cholistan are generally saline, alkaline, gypsiferous and often duned Dehradun, 1987, 1991 the prime wintering of. 30 ] Arshad et al., [ 31 ] and MuellerDombois, & Ellenberg [ 34 ] pattern... Roots of 17 plants are commonly used for cholistan desert plants conservation and sustainable utilization of plant communities of Cholistan,! ” M.Sc the northern region which constitutes the desert after the monsoon the soils Cholistan. Water is collected in different seasons from the local area of approximately 1400 acres, is located Rawal. In this study is in accord with the help of `` Flora of Rajasthan, Survey!

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